Comorbidities in Patients with Urolithiasis in KFHU
Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Urology, Volume 5, Issue 3,
Background: The incidence of urolithiasis is increasing globally. Several studies were done in Saudi Arabia and have reported a high incidence of stone diseases. Several risk factors give rise to the development of the stones, like gender, age, chronic disease, and abnormal weight. Proper intervention and management are essential for such patients.
Objective: Our aim in this study is to estimate the number of patients with urolithiasis and chronic diseases who underwent urological intervention to identify the risk factors in these patients.
Methods: A retrospective Cohort Study was conducted among 101 patients with known cases of chronic disease and present with stone disease, who underwent urological intervention in King Fahad University Hospital, between August 2019 to August 2021.
Results: The study shows a predominant number of male patients with a percentage of 75%. Saudi nationality is also dominant. 70% of the participants are Saudis. Most patients were more than 51 years old with a percentage of 55%, while the other patients are between 50 and 20 years. Most of the patients, like 88% of them, have abnormal weight, while the remaining are within normal weight. Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus are the main chronic diseases in the patients, followed by Obesity. 60% of the patients were having Hypertension, while 54% complained of diabetes mellitus, and 53% of patients were obese. Most of the stones, around 66% were in multiple locations, followed by ureteric with 20% and 10% were kidney stones. Only two patients were noticed to have a stone in the bladder.
Conclusion: Urolithiasis is common in Saudi Arabia and many factors contribute to the formation of stones. The findings of our study suggested that Saudi old male patients with chronic diseases are at high risk of developing urolithiasis, with the requirement of urological intervention. stones. The findings.
- chronic disease
- Saudi Arabia
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